Emerging advances in fibre optic technology
Fibre optic technology is gaining more prominence in our digital world flooded with copious amounts of data and a seemingly boundless need for more. Big data and data analytics, among others are driving the quest for more bandwidth and faster broadband in the current participatory and sharing digital culture.
Most of our activities such as Zoom, Skype or Microsoft Team video conferences, Internet searches and social media site visits are routinely conducted online, and all involve heavy data traffic.
Multi-core fibre cables
The increasing use of fibre optics is mainly due to the impressive developments in physics in recent years. Researchers achieved astonishing data transfer speeds of 255 TBPS and developing technology may be able to carry all the world’s data on just one fibre cable. These researchers used a multi-core glass fibre rather than a single-core fibre for transferring an incredible amount of data at such a high speed.
Although multi-core fibre cables are an emerging technology, most telecom and Internet companies have been planning to upgrade their cables to carry data up to a speed of 400 GBPS, a massive increase compared to the current speed of 10 GBPS.
Compared to copper wires, fibre optic cables are far better since light transmission are mostly hack proof. Cable tapping is practically impossible, and interference only occurs when cables are physically broken. Data breaches are immediately identified, and from a security perspective, fibre optic cables are superior to legacy technology using copper wires as the backbone.
Fibre optic cables are much thinner and lighter compared to copper cables and from a design perspective, wrapping them in a protective coating and suspending them from poles are easier.
Fibre optic cables are protected from most types of threats such as radiofrequency and electromagnetic interference, and impedance or crosstalk. They are also not as vulnerable to changes in temperature as copper wires which means that fibre optic cables are more reliable and durable.
The aspects mentioned above are evidence of how fibre optics is changing the way in which business is conducted, how we entertain ourselves through, for example online gaming or using streaming services such as Netflix and stay informed.