Fibre optic technology has changed the way we go about our day to day lives, for the better. No longer do we need to be frustrated by slow internet connections or download speeds. Fibre optic internet is the fastest, most advanced and most reliable internet technology on the market today.
So what is fibre optics exactly? Fibre optics, as the name suggests, are optical fibres that are used to transmit data. These thousands of small fibres are thin strands of very pure glass that is not much large than a human hair. These fibres are arranged in bundles to form optical cables and are then used to transmit light signals over long distances. The glass fibres use light to carry data and transmit this data between fibres. This is why fibre is so much faster and more reliable than other kinds of internet technology. Fibre optic speeds can go as high as10Gbpss, where other kinds of internet technology perform at much slower speeds and are often susceptible to external influences, which can reduce the quality and speed of your connection.
When we speak about fibre optics and how the technology works, it is easy to become overwhelmed as it is quite technical. The last mile in tech talk is known as the last stretch of fibre that connects the user to the backbone of the internet. This is where we, as internet users, are able to connect to the rest of the world via optical fibres. The backbone is the core of the internet; the core, if you will. Every time you connect to the web, you are taken through a series of steps before you get to your online destination, and this is the backbone.
When you apply for a fibre optic internet connection or line, you need to choose the kind of connection most suited to your needs. There are many different types of optic connection packages available, and what you will use the internet for will determine which kind of ‘last mile connection’ you go for. Internet service providers offer you a connection package based on your needs, and the difference between these packages is how pure your fibre optic internet connection is. These connections are known as fibre to the X, with the x representing where the fibre connection ends. For example, FTTH refers to fibre to the home, which refers to an internet package that is suitable for home use. FTTB refers to fibre to the business – a connection or packages more suitable for large businesses.
FTTP, FTTH, FTTB, FTTD refer to fibre to the premise, home, business or desktop. These are the most direct fibre lines, which means you are receiving a very high-quality fibre connection straight to your home, business, premise or desktop without any copper cables involved.